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On May 24, 1844, Samuel F.B. Morse sent out the first telegraph message. He used an experimental line from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore. It said, “What hath God wrought?"
The message was a verse from the Bible (Numbers 23:23). Annie Ellsworth, the daughter of a friend, suggested it to be the first message sent.
The telegraph was a device that transmits and receives messages over long distances. At that time, the only means of communication was through face-to-face meetings and written letters. Although sending letters is a good form of communication, it wasn’t ideal because it takes time for a message to be sent and received.
Morse had an idea to send coded messages through the wire when he was aboard a ship. He partnered with Alfred Vail to create, not only the electric telegraph but also Morse code.
Since there is limited space on a telegraph paper, Morse code was used to transmit messages. Over time, operators manning the telegraph wires became adept at the clicks and beeps of the Morse code that they translate it to English quickly.
In 1983, Morse and Vail got the funding to develop the first telegraph. It was composed of a battery, electromagnets, and a semaphore. French engineer Claude Chappe and his brother Ignance first invented the semaphore, a signaling device with arms that indicates letters and numbers.
By 1876, the telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell; thereby, rendering telegraphy as extinct. Although the telegraph did not last for long, it shaped the way we communicate today.
Launched on: May 24, 2020